UNC Charlotte Special Collections J. Murrey Atkins Library - Special Collections & University Archives

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North Carolina county records

 Collection
Identifier: MS0026

Scope and Contents

Microfilm copies of county records preserved in the North Carolina State Archives. Includes court, estate, land, and tax records from Alamance, Beaufort, Bertie, Brunswick, Chowan, Craven, Currituck, New Hanover, Orange, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Rowan, and Wake counties, dating primarily from the 18th and 19th centuries.

Dates

  • 1681 - 1915

Creator

Physical Description

208 microfilm reels.

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Biographical / Historical

These records represent part of a larger collection of original and microfilmed documents from all 100 North Carolina counties, which have been deposited in the Local Records Section of the North Carolina Division of Archives and History in Raleigh. The Court Records originated from the primary administrative and judicial body of the N.C. county the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions. Established in the Fundamental Constitutions of 1669, the County Court met quarterly to exercise limited civil and criminal jurisdiction and to administer affairs such as the levying of taxes, the recordings of property conveyances, and the erection of public buildings. The official records of these sessions are the Minutes, kept by the Clerk of the Court. In 1868, the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions was abolished. The Board of County Commissioners assumed the Court's administrative functions; the Superior Court assumed the judicial functions. The Estates Records originated also from the office of the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions before 1868, and after, from the office of the Clerk of Superior Court. They relate to the probate jurisdiction of the office, involving the supervision and control of fiduciary relationships. These records contain information on the administration of estates and include original bonds, accounts, and settlements of estates, as well as detailed inventories of the property of deceased persons. The records were filed with the office by the administrators and executors of estates. The Land Records originated from the office of the Register of Deeds, whose duty was to record all actions acknowledged by the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions. His primary responsibility involved registration of real estate. The Record of Deeds includes the permanent record of real estate conveyances, encumbrances, mortgage deeds, deeds of trust, bills of sale, crop liens, and chattel mortgages. The largest group of records is the real estate conveyances, the official document relating to the transfer of title. Although the real estate conveyances were at first recorded in the Record of Deeds together with other documents, it became common practice by the end of the nineteenth century to file the conveyances in separate volumes, because of their bulk and frequent use. The Tax Records were kept by the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions until 1868, and by the clerk of Superior Court thereafter. The primary tax record is the Tax List, an annual compilation of taxpayers and taxables. The lists are arranged by township, with taxpayers filed alphabetically therein, and were prepared from the individual tax scrolls of each tax collector. [For further information, see The Historical Records of North Carolina. 3 volumes. (Raleigh, 1938-39); Guide to Research Materials in the North Carolina State Archives, Section B: County Records. 3rd edition. (Raleigh, 1975); and The Formation of the North Carolina Counties, 1663- 1943 (Raleigh, 1950).]

Extent

3.5 Linear Feet

Overview

Microfilm copies of county records preserved in the North Carolina State Archives. Includes court, estate, land, and tax records from Alamance, Beaufort, Bertie, Brunswick, Chowan, Craven, Currituck, New Hanover, Orange, Pasquotank,Perquimans, Rowan, and Wake counties, dating primarily from the 18th and 19th centuries. The records are divided into four categories: Court Records; Estates Record; Land Records; and Tax Records. The records are organized alphabetically by county, and within each county, alphabetically by record type. Microfilm reels are filed numerically according to the series number noted after each record type.

Arrangement

The records are divided into four categories: Court Records; Estates Record; Land Records; and Tax Records. The records are organized alphabetically by county, and within each county, alphabetically by record type. Microfilm reels are filed numerically according to the series number noted after each record type.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased from N.C. Division of Archives and History, 1976.

Related Materials

North Carolina Secretary of State Land Grant Records, MS293.

Physical Description

208 microfilm reels.

Processing Information

Processed by James Kusik

Missing Title

  1. County government North Carolina.
  2. Alamance County (N.C.) History Sources.
  3. Beaufort County (N.C.) History Sources.
  4. Bertie County (N.C.) History Sources.
  5. Brunswick County (N.C.) History Sources.
  6. Chowan County (N.C.) History Sources.
  7. Craven County (N.C.) History Sources.
  8. Currituck County (N.C.) History Sources.
  9. New Hanover County (N.C.) History Sources
  10. Orange County (N.C.) History Sources.
  11. Pasquotank County (N.C.) History Sources.
  12. Perquimans County (N.C.) History Sources.
  13. Rowan County (N.C.) History Sources.
  14. Wake County (N.C.) History Sources.
Title
North Carolina County records
Status
Completed
Author
James Kusik
Description rules
dacs
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Manuscript Collections, J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections and University Archives, UNC Charlotte Repository

Contact:
Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte
9201 University City Blvd
Charlotte 28223 United Stated