UNC Charlotte Special Collections J. Murrey Atkins Library - Special Collections & University Archives

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Raymond W. Whittier papers

 Collection
Identifier: MS0382

Scope and Contents

This is a small collection of materials accumulated by Colonel Raymond W. Whittier and also by his widow and his son Raymond Whittier, junior. It consists of a variety of materials concerning Colonel Whittier's tenure as commanding officer of the 38th Evacuation Hospital, which originated in Charlotte, North Carolina in 1942. The collection contains a half dozen loose papers; a scrapbook filled with newspaper clippings; a small photo album containing black-and-white photographs and post cards; a photograph of Bob Hope, Frances Langford, Jerry Colonna, Skinnay Ennis with Variety Club members of Charlotte, NC.; and a brief film clip (copied onto DVD) showing troops drilling on the parade grounds at Fort Bragg. These materials span from 1942 until shortly after the death of Col. Whittier in 1946.

Dates

  • 1942 - 1946

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Biographical / Historical

Raymond W. Whittier matriculated through the University of Minnesota Medical School where he specialized in ophthalmology and otolaryngology. He was also a Fellow in the American College of Surgeons. He had served in World War I and over the years was sent to a variety of military installations around the United States, as well as the Panama Canal Zone, Zamboanga, and Corregidor. Whittier was transferred to Fort Bragg in North Carolina, from Camp Grant, Illinois in April of 1942. After he assumed command of the 38th Evac, the new medical staff soon learned that Col. Whittier was regular army, meaning that he considered himself to be an army officer first and a doctor second. The 38th was sent to Fort Bragg on April 15, 1942 for basic training and standard military instruction. From Fort Bragg, the unit was sent to England and later to Tunisia in North Africa, and then to Italy. Whittier was in command of the 38th Evac for about a year. He retired in early 1943 (while the 38th was stationed in North Africa) for health reasons. After his retirement, he returned to Little Rock, Arkansas where he set up his own private medical practice. He died in March 1, 1946.

Biographical / Historical

In 1940, Gen. George Marshall approved formation of the U.S. Army 38th Evacuation Hospital at the request of Charlotte doctors and nurses who desired to form a medical unit. Activated in March 1942, the Unit received military training at Fort Bragg. The Unit then went to England (August October, 1942); North Africa (November, 1942 September, 1943); and Italy (through July, 1945). The 38th Evac supported front line aid stations and mobile surgical units, treated disease, and transferred patients to general hospitals. Deactivation occurred following the Unit's tour of duty in Italy. Features in Time and Life and wire service stories by Richard Tregaskis made the 38th Evac one of the best known units during the war. [Tregaskis underwent brain surgery in the Hospital in Italy.] A detailed history is found in 38th Evac, a copy of which is located in the UNCC Special Collections, Dalton Reading Room.

Extent

1 Linear Feet

Overview

Papers, scrapbook, photo album, photograph and moving images (transferred onto DVD) from Col. Raymond W. Whittier, of the 38th Evacuation Unit, from 1942 to 1946.

Arrangement

Arranged into five series: Papers, Photo album, Scrapbook, Photograph, and Moving images.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Acquired from Raymond W. Whittaker, junior, in March 2007.

Related Materials

U.S. Army 38th Evacuation Hospital, MS4.

Processing Information

Processed by Robert A. McInnes, May 2007.
Title
Raymond W. Whittier papers
Status
Completed
Author
Robert A. McInnes
Description rules
dacs
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Manuscript Collections, J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections and University Archives, UNC Charlotte Repository

Contact:
Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte
9201 University City Blvd
Charlotte 28223 United Stated