UNC Charlotte Special Collections J. Murrey Atkins Library - Special Collections & University Archives

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Ellen Chason papers

 Collection
Identifier: MS0395

Scope and Contents

The Ellen Chason Papers consist of two real estate surveys (dated 1821 and pertain to land in Georgia), and a Confederate War bond (dated March 1863); and originated with some of Mrs. Chason’s ancestors.

Dates

  • 1821 - 1863

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Biographical / Historical

Two of the items in the Chason Collection are land grants from the 1821 land lottery. The State of Georgia held lotteries for the sale and distribution of land in 1805, 1807, 1820, 1821, 1827 and 1832 (there was also a lottery for the sale of gold mines in 1832, but this was a separate action from the other land lotteries). Prior to these lotteries, Georgia lands were distributed in 200 acre lots by means of the “head-right” system; whereby lands were granted by the state to the male heads of households. In 1803, the State of Georgia instituted a new system, designed to eliminate corruption, the new systems actually encouraged it—leading to what became known as the Yazoo Land Fraud. Some of the land lots that were distributed in 1803 and some of the subsequent lotteries granted more land than was available in Georgia. In the 1821 lottery, 401 acres of land were granted to Pricey Hatcher and Nathan W. Maddock (200.5 acres each). During the American Civil War, the Confederacy had two sources of funding for the war effort: taxation and borrowing money. The Confederate Treasury borrowed money either in the form of bond sales, or through negotiated loans with foreign countries. One of the problems with bond sales was that the Confederacy only had about $27 million in hard currency, and the demands of the war effort required hundreds of millions of dollars (about $700 million by the end of the war). Christopher G. Memminger was the first Secretary of the Confederate Treasury, and his first action was to arrange for the so-called ‘Banker’s Loan.’ This provided for the sale of abut $150 million in bonds—an action that instantly put the fledgling country deep in debt. Over the succeeding months, the government authorized several more bond sales, as well as a variety of new tax levees. However, with steadily increasing inflation, sustaining the war effort became impossible. By the end of the war the Confederacy had not only borrowed over $700 million, but was dealing with inflation of around six thousand percent.

Extent

0.05 Linear Feet (Single file collection)

Language

English

Overview

The Chason Papers are a small collection that came to the UNC Charlotte Special Collections along with a much larger gift of rare books from Mrs. Ellen Chason in January of 2008. Two of the items in this collection are real estate plat surveys for property in Henry County, Georgia (dated 1821), and the third is a Confederate war bond (dated 1863).

Arrangement

The collection is arranged into a single, chronological item series.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Mrs. Ellen Chason, February 2008.

Processing Information

Processed by Robert A. McInnes
Title
Ellen Chason papers
Status
Completed
Author
Robert A. McInnes
Date
2008
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Undetermined
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
English

Repository Details

Part of the Manuscript Collections, J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections and University Archives, UNC Charlotte Repository

Contact:
Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte
9201 University City Blvd
Charlotte 28223 United Stated