Nicholas Biddle Gibbon papers
Scope and Contents
This collection contains a typescript transcription of the Civil War diary of Nicholas Biddle Gibbon, written between 1861 and 1866, and describing his service in North Carolina and Virginia as a drill master and commissary in the 1st and 28th North Carolina Regiments. Also includes genealogical information about Gibbon's family and that of his wife, Harriet Cornelia Alexander, a descendant of Hezekiah Alexander.
- Alexander family.
- Gibbon, John Heysham, 1795-1868.
- Gibbon, Nicholas Biddle, 1837-1917
- Gibbon family.
- Land titles--North Carolina--Mecklenburg County.
- Mecklenburg County (N.C.) -- Genealogy.
- Mecklenburg County (N.C.) -- History.
- Real property -- North Carolina -- Mecklenburg County -- Maps -- 18th century.
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives.
- 1799 - 2000
- Gibbon, Nicholas Biddle (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. [Adhering to the requirements of U.S. copyright law is the responsibility of the researcher.]
Biographical / Historical
Nicholas Biddle Gibbon was born on November 28, 1837, near Holmesburg, Pa., now a part of Philadelphia. He was the eighth child and youngest son of Dr. John Heysham Gibbon (1795-1868) and Catherine Lardner Gibbon (1799-1874). The family moved to Charlotte in 1838 when Dr. Gibbon, physician turned metallurgist, accepted an appointment as the assayer of the newly authorized branch of the United States Mint. Although of northern origin, most of the Gibbon family chose to support the Confederacy during the Civil War. Only Nicholas's brother, John, a graduate of West Point and a captain in the U.S. Army at the beginning of the war, remained loyal to the Union. John eventually became Major General of the 24th Corps in the Army of the James and was one of the three commissioners appointed by Ulysses S. Grant to arrange the details of Robert E. Lee's surrender. [On pages 24-25 of his memoirs, Nicholas describes John's suggestion that they meet under a flag of truce and the former's refusal to do so.] Nicholas Gibbon enlisted in May, 1861, in the 1st North Carolina Regiment commanded by Col. (later General) Daniel Harvey Hill, then superintendent of the North Carolina Military Institute in Charlotte. He served as a drill master and participated in the Battle of Bethel Church in Virginia in June, 1861. In September, he returned to North Carolina and was transferred to the 28th North Carolina Regiment. Soon after, he was appointed commissary with the rank of captain. The regiment wintered in Wilmington and in March, 1862, was involved in the Battle of New Bern. In May, 1863, when the commissary system was reorganized, Gibbon was reassigned as commissary to Wilcox's division. Near the end of the war, he returned to North Carolina to assist with the search for deserters. Gibbon married Harriet Cornelia Alexander (b. 10/3/1850) of Mecklenburg County on October 20, 1870 and they had seven children. Their home still stands on Gibbon Road near its intersection with Christenbury Road in north Charlotte [the home site originally totaled 640 acres purchased from Nicholas's sister, Margaret, and her husband, John Wilson Moore]. Gibbon became active in North Carolina politics, serving stints as Justice of the Peace and as a member of the General Assembly. He also served as president (1880-84) of the Mecklenburg Farmers' Alliance. Nicholas died on October 17, 1917; Harriet on March 8, 1944.
0.1 Linear Feet
Thirty-page typescript transcription of the Civil War memoirs of Nicholas Biddle Gibbon, written between 1861 and 1866, and describing his service in North Carolina and Virginia as a drill master and commissary in the 1st and 28th North Carolina Regiments. Also includes genealogical information about Gibbon's family and that of his wife, Harriet Cornelia Alexander, a descendant of Hezekiah Alexander. All materials are reproductions.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Helen G. Kinney in 1994 and 2000.
Existence and Location of Originals
[NOTE: the original copy of the memoirs was owned by the donor's aunt, Helen Gibbon. She loaned it to someone who never returned it and its current location is unknown. Nicholas Gibbon transcribed his memoirs in a blank book that he found in a stable in Wilmington, N.C. in 1861.]
Processed by Library Staff, 2000; encoded by Robert A. McInnes, August, 2009.
- Alexander family
- Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Infantry Regiment (1st)
- Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Infantry Regiment (28th)
- Gibbon family
- Gibbon, Nicholas Biddle
- Land titles -- North Carolina -- Mecklenburg County
- Real property -- North Carolina -- Mecklenburg County
- United States -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives
- Nicholas Biddle Gibbon papers
- Robert A. McInnes
- Description rules
- Language of description