J. C. Coovert Cirkut Photograph Collection
Scope and Contents
Two panoramic photograph collages by J. C. Coovert of cotton crop being harvested.
- 1914 - 1922
- Coovert, J. C. (John Calvin), 1862-1937 (Photographer, Person)
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
The Coovert Cirkut Photographs are the physical property of J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections. Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.
Biographical / Historical
J. C. Coovert was one of the most respected photographers in Memphis, and was hired by everyone from the police department to Hollywood director King Vidor because of his photographic skills and creativity. His photographs circulated internationally and showed that the Delta region was more complex and of interest to many worldwide. In the two photos that make this collection, J. C. Coovert created fantastic worlds, in this case, the plantation as he imagined it. Using a Cirkut camera (full rotation panoramic camera), Coovert shot a scene of cotton fields ready for harvest. The original Cirkut titled, "King Cotton" was copyrighted in 1907 (Library of Congress has the photographic print (gelatin silver, 10 x 36.5 in.). First, Coovert took a panoramic photograph of the plantation as it actually existed with the foreman, the disheveled house, and wagons hauling in the crop. Then Coovert inserted people, more wagons, and houses from other pictures. He created a universe from his imagination that drew on a lifetime of immersion in the Delta. He was still working at the peak of his abilities at the age of 50 -- also the peak of the Delta's prosperity. When Coovert began his career, it was not easy to go out of the studio and make pictures in nature. Because of the technology Coovert used, he had to create a world without motion. But despite these limitations, he arranged dramatic, arresting scenes. Cotton was king in Coovert's universe. Although he created these collages in the 1920s, Coovert drew his images from the turn of the century. Coovert created images of the world of "white gold" that satisfied his customers, especially those who made their living from King Cotton.
3.5 Linear Feet (2 photographic collages in folder)
Two "Cirkut Collages" of Southern cotton fields by photographer, J. C. Coovert.
Panoramic prints measure 39 x 13 in.
Photographs found with no donor info, etc. Preliminary processing by M. Perez & J. Henry, 2015.
- J. C. Coovert Cirkut Photograph Collection
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note