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Bill-of-sale of enslaved man "Loney" from J. A. Bisaner of Lincolnton, N.C. to N.A. Wingate of Charlotte, N.C.

 Collection — Box: SFC4 [F09.090.03.02], Folder: 404
Identifier: MS0404

Scope and Contents

A number of things can be determined from this document: it is a bill of sale dated January 2, 1865 for an enslaved man named Loney. The buyer was N. A. Wingate & Co. of Charlotte, North Carolina; and the seller was J. A. Bisaner, of Lincolnton. At the time Loney was about twenty seven-years old and was sold for $6,000 in Confederate currency. Because the Confederacy was in a state of decline at that time, the value of a Confederate dollar had eroded to about four cents in comparison to Northern currency. This bill of sale also serves as a letter to Bisaner’s wife (un-named here), instructing her to deliver Loney to his new masters. One thing that is perplexing about this particular bill of sale is the fact that the buyer is not a individual person, but a company, apparently owned and operated by N. A. Wingate. The only thing we can know about Loney after he was sold is that he must have become a freed man about four or five months later, when emancipation was announced in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina.

This collection is named after J. A. Bisaner, of Lincolnton, because he was one of the parties involved in this transaction, and his name appears more often than those of anyone else involved in this sale—three times.


  • 1865 January 2


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Biographical / Historical

Joseph Alexander Bisaner (1837-1920) was the son of Jacob Bisaner and Sarah Jetton of Lincolnton, NC. He married Alice McClellan Tatum and had five children with her. Joseph had moved to Marietta, Georgia by 1870 and later moved to Murphy, NC where he lived until his death.


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A bill of sale for an enslaved person named Loney, bought from J. A. Bisaner of Lincolnton, N.C.; by N. A. Wingate of Charlotte, N.C., dated January 2, 1865, for $6000.00 (Confederate currency).

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Acquired from T. Lynn Caldwell, of Christiansburg, VA, in October 2008.

Available Online

Item has been digitized and can be found online: https://goldmine.uncc.edu/index/render/object/pid/mss:73207/parentPID/mss:1

Processing Information

Processed by Robert A. McInnes in October 2008
Bill-of-sale of enslaved man "Loney" from J. A. Bisaner of Lincolnton, N.C. to N.A. Wingate of Charlotte, N.C.
Robert A. McInnes
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Describing Archives: A Content Standard
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Repository Details

Part of the Manuscript Collections, J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections and University Archives, UNC Charlotte Repository

Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte
9201 University City Blvd
Charlotte 28223 United Stated